A Stoic’s Guide to Laravel Middleware Link to heading

In the world of software development, we often find ourselves juggling myriad responsibilities. Balancing between client requirements, code quality, and deadlines can sometimes make us feel like ancient Stoic philosophers contemplating the nature of existence. Today, we’ll channel that stoic calmness and delve deep into the world of Laravel middleware.

What is Middleware? Link to heading

In Laravel, middleware acts as a bridge between a request and a response. It’s a series of filters that can perform various tasks before or after a request is handled by the application. Imagine middleware as the gatekeepers of your application, ensuring only the right kind of requests pass through.

Why Use Middleware? Link to heading

Middleware is incredibly powerful and flexible. It can be employed to:

  • Authenticate Users: Ensure that only authenticated users can access certain parts of your application.
  • Log Requests: Keep track of requests for debugging or analytics.
  • CORS Handling: Manage cross-origin resource sharing in a neat way.
  • Session Management: Handle sessions and user data effectively.

Creating Middleware in Laravel Link to heading

Creating middleware in Laravel is a straightforward process. Let’s walk through creating a simple middleware that logs each request.

First, open your terminal and run:

php artisan make:middleware LogRequests

This command will generate a new middleware class in the app/Http/Middleware directory.

Now, let’s add some logic to our LogRequests middleware:


namespace App\Http\Middleware;

use Closure;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Log;

class LogRequests
     * Handle an incoming request.
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Closure  $next
     * @return mixed
    public function handle($request, Closure $next)
        Log::info('Request Logged:', ['url' => $request->url(), 'method' => $request->method()]);
        return $next($request);

In the handle method, we log the URL and the HTTP method of each incoming request.

Registering Middleware Link to heading

To make Laravel aware of our new middleware, we need to register it. Open app/Http/Kernel.php and add your middleware to the routeMiddleware array:

protected $routeMiddleware = [
    // Other middleware
    'log.requests' => \App\Http\Middleware\LogRequests::class,

Now, you can apply this middleware to your routes. For example:

Route::get('/example', function () {
    // Your route logic

Middleware Groups Link to heading

Laravel also allows you to group middleware together. This can be useful for applying multiple middleware to a set of routes. For instance, you might have a group of routes that require both authentication and logging:

Route::middleware(['auth', 'log.requests'])->group(function () {
    Route::get('/dashboard', function () {
        // Your dashboard logic

    Route::get('/profile', function () {
        // Your profile logic

Conclusion Link to heading

In the grand tapestry of a Laravel application, middleware stands as a silent guardian, ensuring requests are vetted, authenticated, and logged as they traverse through the layers of your application. Much like a Stoic philosopher, middleware performs its duties with quiet efficiency and steadfast reliability.

By understanding and utilizing middleware effectively, you can create more robust, secure, and maintainable Laravel applications. So, take a deep breath, embrace the wisdom of the ancients, and let your middleware guide you to a more harmonious codebase.

References: Link to heading

  1. Laravel Documentation - Middleware
  2. PSR-7: HTTP Message Interface

Laravel Middleware